The outdoor learning environment
- Tamar Basis-Katzman
- Ron Ben Shalom
- Orit Ben-Zvi-Assraf
- Lena Eyov
- Osher Fishzang
- Yossi Gudovich
- Ronit Laub
- Yula Midian
The outdoor setting is an important, yet neglected learning environment in education, and research about the outdoor learning environment is still limited and unfocused. This is a problem that calls for an exploration of the work being done world-wide. The outdoor learning environment is being defined broadly, and may include: natural areas, local and national parks, museums, zoos, urban environments, shopping centers, industrial sites, and more. The model that the Earth Science Group developed for integrating the outdoors as a legitimate component of a curriculum has been adopted all over the world.
Links for further reading
- Orion, N. Hofstein A. and Mazor E. (1986). A field-based high school geology course: Igneous and metamorphic terrain, an Israeli experience. Geology Teaching. 11, 16-20.
- Orion, N. (1989) Field trips in the Israeli high school geology curriculum. Earth Science Teaching. 14, 25-28.
- Orion, N. and Hofstein A. (1991). The development and validation of an inventory to measure students’ attitudes towards science field trips. Science Education. 75(5), 513-523.
- Orion, N. (1993). A model for the development and implementation of field trips, as an integral part of the science curriculum. School Science and Mathematics. 93(6), 325-331.
- Orion, N. (1994). A short-term and long-term study of a science investigation in geology used by non-science high school students. Research in Science & Technological Education. 12(2), 203-223.
- Kempa, R. F. and Orion N. (1996). Students’ perception of cooperative learning in earth science fieldwork. Research in Science & Technological Education. 14, 33-41.
- Orion, N., Hofstein A., Tamir, P. and Giddings, J. (1997). The development and validation of an instrument for assessing the learning environment of science outdoor activities. Science Education. 81, 161-171.
- Orion, N. and Hofstein, A. (1994). Factors that influence learning during a scientific field trips in a natural environment. Journal of Research in Science Teaching. 31(10), 1097-1119.
- Orion, N. (2003). The outdoor as a central learning environment in the global science literacy framework: from theory to practice. In: Mayer, V. (Ed.), Implementing global science literacy. Ohio State University.
- Ginat, H. and Orion, N. and Geinosar, T. (2005). High school student’s research project in earth sciences as a pedagogic tool (Israel). NZ Science Teacher. 110, 5-10.
- Yunker, M., Orion, N. and Lernau, H. (2011). Merging playfulness with the formal science curriculum in an outdoor learning environment. Children, Youth and Environments 21(2), 271-293.
- Orion, N., Shankar, R., Greco, R. and Berenguer, J.L. (2020). Promoting the Earth System Approach and the Meaning of Learning. European Geologist. 50.
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